Roland Mac Roland Mack is considered one of the most exceptional and successful family entrepreneurs in Germany, who has made millions of children and Clacking skeletons, sinister figures and demonic ghosts of the night roam among the impressive autumn scene This allowed Germany's largest theme park to once again defend its title against renowned theme parks such as Disney a Evil has taken over in a post-apocalyptic world. From 25th September to 2nd Nove The new water world impresses with its elaborate Nordic world of experiences with nine themed areas:.
Home Press News Search. Reopening of the Scandinavian themed area. Europa-Park Founder Roland Mack turns The stem vowel refers to the vowel in this stem. In English, for example, when you conjugate the verb run I run, you run, she runs it retains the same stem vowel throughout the conjugation. What exactly is meant here by conjugation? Verbs in Motion If you were given a week of absolutely commitment-free time, what would you do with it?
Would you go scuba diving? Would you chase butterflies? Or would you ride through Italy on a tandem bicycle?
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No matter what you do, you need verbs to express action, motion, or states of being. In German, the most common way of grouping verbs is weak, strong, or mixed. When verbs are conjugated, a relatively predictable pattern of endings is attached to the stem of weak verbs. Strong verbs have a relatively predictable pattern of endings when they are conjugated in the present tense the form a verb takes to indicate that action is occurring in the present , but both the stem and the endings become irregular they don t follow a set pattern in the past tense. Mixed verbs have features of both weak and strong verbs.
The rest of this chapter examines weak and strong verbs in the present tense. Mixed verbs are discussed in Chapter Weak Verbs: Followers In Chapter 5, you learned about the infinitive, or unconjugated, form of verbs. Weak verbs are verbs that, when conjugated, follow a set pattern of rules and retain the same stem vowel throughout. Let s follow fly through its full conjugation. Person Singular Plural First I fly we fly. Table 9. Think of weak verbs as timid, law-abiding creatures that would never cross the street when the light is red. This is the great thing for those of you embarking on learning the German language about weak verbs: they obey grammar laws and follow a predictable pattern of conjugation.
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Once you ve learned this pattern and the few exceptions to this pattern , you should be able to conjugate weak verbs in German without too much difficulty. To conjugate weak verbs, drop the -en from the infinitive and then add the following endings: Page 83 Person Singular Ending Plural Ending First ich e wir en Second du e st ihr e t Third er, sie, es e t sie en Formal sing. See if you can use the correct form of the verbs in the following sentences. Remember, the verb must agree with the subject! In Table 9. Read through them a few times, and see if you can commit them to memory.
You can t tell the difference between a strong verb and a weak verb just by looking at them. The only way you can distinguish between them is to look up their conjugations and see whether the stem changes. Some strong verbs change their stem vowel in the present tense; the endings, however, are the same for both weak and strong verbs in all tenses. Page 85 Table 9.
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Read through them a few times, as you did with the weak verbs. You shouldn t have too much trouble memorizing them—many of them are near cognates!
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Page 86 Table 9. Ask Me Anything Okay, now go back to where you were at the beginning of this chapter, planning a trip. Suppose you re planning another trip—alone, this time. You ll probably find that there are a lot of questions you ll want to ask when you get where you re going. You ll deal with more complicated questions in Chapter For now, stick to the easy questions—the ones that can be answered with a simple yes or no.
There are other ways, besides the confused look on your face, to show that you re asking a question: through intonation, the addition of the tag nicht wahr, and inversion. Intonation One of the easiest ways to indicate you re asking a question is by simply raising your voice slightly at the end of the sentence. To do this, speak with a rising inflection. Du denkst an die Reise? Dew denkst An dee Ray-zuh Are you thinking about the trip? Page 87 Nicht Wahr?
One easy way of forming questions in German is by adding the tag nicht wahr niHt vahR to your statements. Inversion The final way of forming a question is by inversion.
Inversion is what you do when you reverse the word order of the subject nouns or pronouns and the conjugated form of the verb. If you re up to the challenge of inversion, follow these rules:. It s awkward and rarely done.ydifudagys.tk
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Read the following examples and see if you can get a feel for how inversion works. Du gehst nach Hause. Gehst du nach Hause? Er spricht Deutsch.
Spricht er Deutsch? Wir reisen nach Berlin.
Reisen wir nach Berlin? Sie trinken Bier. Trinken sie Bier? Remember that whether you are using intonation, nicht wahr, or inversion, you are asking for exactly the same information: a yes or no ja oder nein answer. You re in an airport and you need information. After waiting in line at the information counter, it s finally your turn. See if you can use inversion to provide the questions for the following statements. Example: Das Flugzeug fliegt um 10 Uhr. The plane leaves at Answer: Fliegt das Flugzeug um 10 Uhr?
Das Ticket kostet DM. The ticket costs DM. This is the terminal for international flights. Page 88 3. Die Flugnummer steht auf dem Ticket.